American Revolution Background

American Revolution Background

  1. The American revolution was fought between 1775-1781. Peace and British acknowledgment of American independence occurred in 1783. American Patriots fought for independence from Britain, because they believed that their ancient English rights and liberties were threatened by a British government seeking to tighten its control of their most important colonies. The British were supported by American Loyalists and German mercenaries, most of them Hessians. Britain’s impressive successes following the Seven Years War, known as the French and Indian War in America created an empire upon which the sun never set. It also exploded the British government’s debt. Since much of war’s expense was for the American colonies, the British wanted the colonists to share in the burden.
  2. The failure of the British government to accommodate the method of taxation played a central role in the Imperial crisis of 1765-1775. But, by the spring of 1775 war broke out and no compromise was possible.
  3. Many church members not only supported the American Revolution, but fought. They served as soldiers in the state militias or in the newly created Continental Army. With Philadelphia being the largest and most important port in North American, it is not surprising that some members were in the Pennsylvania Navy or acted as privateers.
  4. In later years there were members of the church who fought in the War of 1812 and the Civil War, and some of them are buried here also.
  5. Not every veteran buried in this graveyard left his story. You will, however, learn about some of the patriotic men who created a new nation, and those men who ensured that the new nation would survive and flourish.
  6. During the war, Philadelphia was occupied by the British, during which time the church was seriously damaged. British troops took parts of the church as fuel to keep warm during the winter. When the patriots reoccupied the city, they found the church in disrepair, and through extensive efforts, it was rebuilt. Many of our veterans buried here at the church fought in the revolution, hence the nickname, ‘Church of the Patriots’. They fought in some of the most important battles of the revolution, From Brandywine and Trenton, to the final battle at Yorktown. On top of that, we have veterans from other wars, including the Whiskey Rebellion, the War of 1812, and the Civil War.